By Kristine Felisse Mangunay
Philippine Daily Inquirer
“The youth have the power to enforce democracy for a better society. They have to get involved in politics so they can be trained to become leaders,” he said.
“The youth have the power to enforce democracy for a better society. They have to get involved in politics so they can be trained to become leaders,” he said.
Friday, 12 August 2011 15:01, May Kunmakara and Sim Virinea, The Phnom Penh Post
Photo by: Heng Chivoan
Graduates listen to Prime Minister Hun Sen speak yesterday at the National Institute of Education in Phnom Penh.
Some 300,000 young Cambodians are entering the domestic labour market every year, but often don’t have the skill sets required by private sector employers, UN Development Programme Deputy Country Director Sophie Baranes said yesterday.
Improving human capital in Cambodia requires a concentrated effort by stakeholders such as government, private sector and education institutions, she said.
“In order to succeed, a sustainable programme of training, or higher education reform, is needed.”
Yesterday, the UNDP in conjunction with the government issued a report titled Human Capital Implications of Future Economic Growth in Cambodia, aiming to provide a roadmap to building up high quality human capital to boost the economy.
“At present, there exists a significant gap between market demand and the skills available, and existing educational institutions and curricula are often unresponsive to market demands and the need of the private sector,” the report said.
Supreme National Economic Council Deputy Secretary General Hav Ratank said the government had prioritised human resource development.
Cambodia’s intention to develop its industry requires simultaneous human capital development, he said.
Although there is much work still to be done, Hav Ratanak highlighted work done by the government to improve the situation.
He noted the education budget had increased 8 times over in the 10 years from 2000 to 2010, and added certain measures had been adopted following the global economic crisis to promote employment.
So far, the programmes have assisted 40,000 laid-off workers find employment, he said.
“Indeed, it’s necessary for the government [to assist on human capital development] … but it needs wide cooperation from all the stakeholders and development partners,” he said.
The report laid out a number of short- and long-term recommendations, ranging from stopping school drop-outs to improving vocational training and reforming higher education.
Friday, 12 August 2011 15:04
ម៉ៃ គុណមករា និង ស៊ឹមវិរីនា
ភ្នំពេញៈ លោកស្រី Sophie Baranes នាយករងប្រចាំប្រទេសនៃកម្មវិធីអភិវឌ្ឍន៍អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ (UNDP) ប្រចាំ នៅកម្ពុជា បានឲ្យដឹងកាលពីម្សិលមិញថា យុវជនកម្ពុជាប្រមាណជា៣០ម៉ឺននាក់ កំពុងបោះជំហានចូលមកក្នុងទីផ្សារពលកម្មក្នុងស្រុកជារៀងរាល់ ឆ្នាំ ប៉ុន្តែអ្នកទាំងនោះភាគច្រើនមិនមានជំនាញដែលនិយោជកមកពីវិស័យឯក ជនត្រូវការឡើយ។
លោក ស្រីបានបន្តថា ការលើកកម្ពស់ធនធានមនុស្សនៅកម្ពុជា ទាមទារនូវកិច្ចខិតខំប្រឹងប្រែងជារួមពីភាគីពាក់ព័ន្ធដូចជា រដ្ឋាភិបាល វិស័យឯកជន និងគ្រឹះស្ថានអប់រំនានា៖ «ដើម្បី សម្រេចបានជោគជ័យនូវការលើកកម្ពស់ធនធានមនុស្ស ចាំបាច់ត្រូវមានកម្មវិធីបណ្តុះបណ្តាលប្រកបដោយនិរន្តរភាព ឬការធ្វើកំណែទម្រង់ការអប់រំកម្រិតឧត្តមសិក្សា»។
កាលពីម្សិលមិញ UNDP សហការជាមួយរដ្ឋាភិបាល បានចេញរបាយការណ៍មួយ មានចំណងជើងថា «ទំនាក់ទំនងរវាងធនធានមនុស្សទៅនឹងកំណើនសេដ្ឋកិច្ចនៅកម្ពុជានា ពេលអនាគត» ក្នុងគោលបំណងបង្ហាញទិសដៅអនុវត្ត ដើម្បីកសាងធនធានមនុស្ស ដែលមានគុណភាពខ្ពស់ សម្រាប់ធ្វើឲ្យមានកំណើនសេដ្ឋកិច្ច។
របាយការណ៍នោះបានលើកឡើងថា៖ «បច្ចុប្បន្ន តម្រូវការទីផ្សារ និងជំនាញដែលអាចរកបានមានគម្លាតខុសគ្នាយ៉ាងខ្លាំង ហើយគ្រឹះស្ថានអប់រំ និងកម្មវិធីសិក្សា ដែលមានស្រាប់ មិនបានឆ្លើយតបទៅនឹងតម្រូវការទីផ្សារ និងតម្រូវការរបស់វិស័យឯកជនឡើយ»។
លោក ហាវ រតនៈ អគ្គលេខាធិការរងនៃឧត្តមក្រុមប្រឹក្សាសេដ្ឋកិច្ចជាតិ(SNEC)បាន ឲ្យដឹងថា រដ្ឋាភិបាលបានផ្តល់អាទិភាពលើការអភិវឌ្ឍធនធានមនុស្ស។ លោកបញ្ជាក់ថា គោលបំណងកម្ពុជាក្នុងការអភិវឌ្ឍឧស្សាហកម្មនេះទាមទារការ អភិវឌ្ឍធនធានមនុស្សពេលដំណាលគ្នា។
ទោះ បីមានការងារជាច្រើន ដែលត្រូវធ្វើបន្តទៀតក្តី ប៉ុន្តែលោក ហាវ រតនៈ បញ្ជាក់អំពីការងារ ដែលសម្រេចបានដោយរដ្ឋាភិបាលក្នុងការលើកកម្ពស់ស្ថានភាពនេះដែរ។
លោក ថ្លែងថា ថវិកាអប់រំបានកើនលើស កាលពី១០ឆ្នាំមុន (ឆ្នាំ២០០០ ដល់ ឆ្នាំ២០១០) ៨ដង ហើយថា វិធានការមួយចំនួនត្រូវបានយកមកអនុវត្ត បន្ទាប់ពីមានវិបត្តិសេដ្ឋកិច្ចពិភពលោក ដើម្បីលើកកម្ពស់ការងារ។ លោកបានឲ្យដឹងថា មកដល់ពេលបច្ចុប្បន្ន កម្មវិធីទាំងនេះ បានជួយឲ្យកម្មករចំនួន៤ម៉ឺននាក់ ដែលត្រូវគេព្យួរការងារ ស្វែងរកការងារបានធ្វើវិញ។
លោកបន្តថា៖ «ការ ពិតនេះជាប្រការចាំបាច់សម្រាប់រដ្ឋាភិបាល ដើម្បីជួយអភិវឌ្ឍធនធានមនុស្ស តែវាត្រូវការកិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិការយ៉ាងទូលំទូលាយពីភាគីពាក់ ព័ន្ធ និងដៃគូអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ទាំងអស់»។របាយ ការណ៍បានដាក់ចេញអនុសាសន៍រយៈពេលវែងនិងខ្លីមួយចំនួនដូចជា ការបញ្ឈប់ការបោះបង់ការសិក្សារបស់កុមារ សំដៅលើកកម្ពស់ការបណ្តុះបណ្តាលជំនាញវិជ្ជាជីវៈនិងកែទម្រង់ការអប់ រំឧត្តមសិក្សា៕ CS
August 12, 2011
Colleges and universities in the US and Europe often battle grade inflation, but in the tight-knit world of the Cambodian elite, a bigger problem might be developing: PhD inflation.
High-ranking government officials and businessmen are increasingly amassing doctoral degrees. State-run news agency Agence Kampuchea Presse has prefaced the names of officials with their “Doctor” or “PhD” titles, and Khmer-language newspapers frequently run large advertisements congratulating the growing number of new doctorate holders.
Prime Minister Hun Sen himself has a PhD from the National Political Academy in Hanoi, as well as at least nine honorary doctorates from institutions in a number of countries.
Senate and CPP President Chea Sim now boasts three PhDs and two honorary PhDs, including a PhD in political science from the Southern California University for Professional Studies and a PhD in “high leadership in the Senate” from the Open Seminary University of Cambodia.
“Samdech [Chea Sim] did not request or do anything to get all these PhD degrees, but the universities provided them to him,” his Cabinet chief, Kunthea Borey, explained.
Ros Chantrabot, a historian and prominent member of the Royal Academy, said the abundance of PhDs is becoming such an issue that the government recently established a committee to oversee the quality of officials’ doctoral theses.
There are currently about 2,000 PhD candidates in Cambodia, Mr. Chantrabot said. “In a small country like Cambodia, there are too many PhDs, which can lead to PhD inflation,” Mr. Chantrabot said. “Will these PhDs help Cambodia develop as a nation, or be a cancer on the nation or society?”
In late 2009, a Malaysia-based organization called Isles International University awarded PhDs to 19 senior officials, lawmakers and businessmen including CPP Senator Mong Reththy, former deputy municipal governor Mann Chhoeun and senior lawmaker Cheam Yeap.
Isles handed out another batch of doctoral and master’s degrees last week to 14 government and parliamentary officials, including Pen Pannha, chairman of the National Assembly’s legislation committee, and Koam Kosal, Cabinet chief for National Assembly President Heng Samrin. Mr. Heng Samrin also picked up an honorary PhD at the ceremony.
By way of comparison, only one US president has ever held a doctoral degree, and only two of the current 16 US Cabinet officials have PhDs.
Isles International, which has a long history of making false claims about its accreditations status and institutional affiliations, is the current incarnation of Irish International University.
As Irish International, besides granting an honorary doctorate to Mr. Hun Sen, the organization established a joint PhD degree program with Build Bright University, charging Cambodian students extra fees for “Irish” doctorates. In 2006, the Irish government repudiated Irish International University’s claim that it was a recognized university in Ireland.
Since changing its name, Isles International has also falsely claimed to be affiliated with Belgian royalty and to have offices in the European Parliament.
Multiple PhD holder Mr. Yeap, the National Assembly member, said all of his degrees were earned through honest hard work. Mr. Yeap said he earned a “Post PhD” from Isles International in 2009. He also holds two PhDs – one from Northern Colorado University and one from California Global University, which offers online degrees and bills itself as “a global provider of USA education.” In official National Assembly communications, Mr. Yeap is referred to by the title “His Excellency Post Dr. Cheam Yeap.”
Mr. Yeap insists that all his degrees are legitimate. He proudly cites the title of his postdoctoral thesis: Strategy of Economy in Cambodia. “I never used money to buy it,” he said. “My PhDs had proper theses with my own writing, and I defended my theses presentations to professors.” All three theses are now available at the Senate Library, he said.
According to Pavin Chachavalpongpun, a researcher for political and strategic affairs at Singapore-based Asean Studies Center, it is very common for politicians in Thailand to purchase academic degrees, but the situation is worse in Cambodia. “It seems that having a PhD is…certainly to be used as a basis of promotion. But there is a serious negative impact on the overall educational system of the country,” he wrote in an email.
SRP lawmaker Son Chhay called the mania for PhDs “out of proportion in Cambodia” and said he was concerned the degree would eventually lose their value. “People can get PhDs without really studying, you know? You can see that the issue is a kind of business operation here…and we see there are some fake universities giving out PhDs to the very rich and very powerful.”
Independent political analyst Chea Vannath said PhDs were now coveted as the titles His Excellency and Oknha (“tycoon”) were a few years ago, comparing them to other luxury items. “Either they have so many PhD degrees, or they have so many houses or cars. It’s just the human ego to show off their belongings.”
FREEDOM is the lifeblood of human enterprise. Free-market countries have higher standards of living, social development and productivity levels. Some, though, contend that freedom is a double-edged sword.
Greater independence from parents and guardians can lead to the creation of a more open, more progressive society in which young people are free to engage their talents and amass practical knowledge.
But some say too much freedom can lead to undisciplined and incompetent adolescents.
In Canada, adolescents enjoy a wide array of freedoms, sexual, romantic and otherwise. But high teen pregnancy and divorce rates have some policymakers worried.
Still, statistics show that national teen pregnancy rates have been declining. A study from 1996 to 2006 showed a drop of 37 per cent, compared with a 25 per cent decline in the neighbouring US.
This doesn’t necessarily mean teenagers are less sexually active. In fact, a study found about 50 per cent of teens aged 16 and 17 engage in sexual activity.
These findings confirm what has become only too visible in daily life: teens holding hands, hugging, kissing and generally revelling in young love, all in public.
The teen-pregnancy study includes statistics on births, abortions and miscarriages. The Canadian government views all three outcomes as having a negative impact on society.
If newborns survive the delivery process, teens are often unprepared to act as parents. And miscarriages and abortions can result in various diseases and complications that can stall the mother’s education and development.
Teen pregnancy affects individuals, families and entire communities, placing a social and economic burden on the whole of society.
According to the study, the welcome decline in teen pregnancy can be attributed to an increase in awareness about sexual health and protection among teenage girls, as well as increasingly easy access to clinics and family planning counsellors. Young women are using their freedom to make safer decis-ions, entering the adult world of sex and romance armed with more information and more confidence.
The story may be different in Cambodia. Canada is fairly open to adolescent sexual activity and independent decision-making, but the issue is rarely talked about in Cambodia, where cultural conservatism and embedded tradition keep teenage sexuality under wraps.
For this reason, teen pregnancy rates are higher and show little sign of declining. Until the Kingdom begins some sort of dialogue on teenage sexuality, young women in Cambodia will continue to have their education interrupted and their freedom curtailed.
About Sophoan Seng
I am the single son of a farming family from Siem Reap. I spent more than 10 years as a Buddhist monk. I graduated with a master’s degree in political science from the University of Hawaii and am a PhD candidate at the same university.
My interests are social-capital research, the empowerment of young people for social change, and grassroots participation to developing democracy. I am a freelance and president of the Khmer Youth Association of Alberta. I can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Source of this article: Phnom Penh Post LIFT
If you are planning for a day, plant rice
If you are planning for 20 years, plan trees
If you are planning for future generations, plant leaders.
Organizer: Youth Education Buddhist Center (YEBC)
Location: Tep Pranom High School, Srok Pagnealoe, Kandal Province,Cambodia.
1. Name of Project: Dhammacarika Youth Camp Project or Youth Leadership Education
2. Vision and Mission Statement:
Most Cambodian people recognize themselves as Buddhists in which this faith has embraced
their spirit, way of life, culture and thought. Buddhism has played important roles in Cambodian society in the past, present and future. Through the profound teaching of moderation, middle path, self-reliance, mindfulness, ethic-based individuality, compassion, tolerance, non-violence and enlightenment has led Cambodian people to a satisfiable level of spiritual.
Following decades of civil war, major social infrastructures have been abolished and split apart especially Buddhism which is considered as the main institute of society, has been degraded. During Khmer Rouge regime, those perpetrators started their expedition by destroying temples, sacred sites, burning scriptures, disrobing and murdering Bhikkhu monks. Definitely, they killed most of the educated figures. When most educated monks have been eliminated, the chronic difficulty of national Buddhist education is clearly informed. Nowadays, we are lack of effective leaders, up-to-date text bookss and accurate curriculum.
Seeing these disadvantages, we are the young generation of Cambodia have initiated to establish Khmer Youth Education Buddhist Center to embark our journey specifically targeting young monks, students and children by providing them the opportunity of searching their inner capacity, leadership, self-awareness and wisdom for themselves, their peers, neighbors and communities.
Our important objectives are:
4. Project duration: June 1st, 2011 to June 5th, 2011
1. Target place:
-Tep Pranom High School, Phum Tep Pranom, Srok Pagnealoe, Kandal Province, Cambodia.
-participants: 1993 students with 943 girl students
- Mr.Sophan Seng = Consultant of Project (B.A, MA, and PhD candidates)
- Mr.Bo Pao = Consultant of Project (B.A)
- Preah Bhikkhu Vath Vibol = Executive Director and President of Project (B.A of MCU)
7. Curriculum and Teaching Process:
a. Dhamma Comprehension Classes
- Dhamma teachings of young generation existing of Morals, Concentration and Wisdom
- History of Lord Buddha for the exampler of life development
- Ethics and Behaviors emphasizing on Five Precepts, Five Dhammas, and Five Good Characters of People
- Developing our life through three aspects of Birth, Awakening and Enlightenment
b. Practicing Classes
- Chanting mantras and undertaking five precepts
- Training to act courteousness, prostrating, and good-looking positioning.
- Practicing to sit meditation, walking meditation and spreading good wishes
- Question, answers and short skits
c. Social participation
- Training them to be aware of Nation, Religion and King
- Getting involved in maintaining and spreading of Khmer culture
- Involving in social and natural environment
- Reminding them to the virtue of Triple Gem and Parent
8. Estimated Budget:
Estimated budget for one project cost arount $ 1500. Each project will be differently spent.
9. Budget Expected from: NGO, Local Community and international donors
10. Expecting results:
- All participants can have self-disciplinary and self-reliance
- All participants can be aware of doing good deeds, avoiding all evil deeds and purify their mind.
- All participants can develop themselves to become a good child, good student, good friend, good citizen and good follower.
- All participants can enhance and raise up their capacity of social leadership
- All participants can learn to develop tolerance, compassion, generosity and non-violence
- All participants can share their visions and critical issue to better their community
- All participants can get involved more and more in protecting environment
- All participants can contribute their experiences to bring along with sustainable development.
11. Responsible persons and Contacts:
1/.Bhikkhu Vath Vibol, Executive Director, Tel: (855)12 31 29 08, 90 722 050
Watt Prasatbakong, Bakong Commune, Prasatbakong Districk, Siem Reap, Cambodia
E- mail: email@example.com www.cambodianyouth.org
2/. Preah Maha Hom Sothea Tel: (855) 12 329 694
3/. Preah Maha Douk Dom Tel: (855) 12 913 724
4/. Mr. Bo Pao Tel: (855) 17 379 730
-Mr. Sophan Seng, Tel: 1 (403) 455 8294
(B.A, MA., PhD Candidate)
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org /email@example.com/
-Mr.Bo Pao (Admin and Human Resoorce Manager )
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Tel : (855)17 379 730
Youth Education Buddhist Center will be responsible for reporting to donors, and stakeholders.